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What is periods

 Getting a period is a natural and healthy process, when women shed their  uterine  lining. It is a natural biological process .it is a process  in which  blood and tissue  from your uterus come out from your vagina. This usually happens one's a month. The onset of menstrual periods in girls  is the  body's way of preparing itself for a possible  pregnancy. It is also known as menstruation. The ovaries are responsible for the release of the hormones, oestrogen, and progesterone. These female hormones signal the building up of the uterine lining or endometrium that nurtures a fertilized egg. The same hormones signal the release of an egg from one of the ovaries during ovulation. This egg travels through the fallopian tube and attaches to the uterine lining – ready for fertilization. In the absence of a sperm cell to fertilize the egg, the uterine lining breaks down and is shed by way of a period. This lining takes on an average of around 28 days to build up, break down, and even
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There are a number of ways that can provide short term relief from menstrual pain and can be easily done at home such as: Rest and relax. Taking a nap in a comfortable position or relaxing in the bathtub with soothing essential oils can help ease the pain. Application of heat is known to significantly reduce the pain. You can either use a heated pain relief pad or simply turn toward a trusty hot water bag. Gently massaging your abdomen and lower back can soothe the pain too. Try to do some gentle exercises that help in improving the flow of blood to the pelvic area. Try relaxation techniques such as guided meditations and deep breathing. If you are pressed for time and cannot rest, over the counter pain medication should do the trick. These dos and don’ts of periods can make your periods much more comfortable. But when asked about how to reduce menstrual pain in the long run, experts advise incorporating lifestyle changes such as: Cutting down your caffeine intake. Reduction in smoking

All About Periods

 When Do Most Girls Get Their Period? Most girls get their first period when they're around 12. But getting it any time between age 10 and 15 is OK. Every girl's body has its own schedule. There isn't one right age for a girl to get her period. But there are some clues that it will start soon: *Most of the time, a girl gets her period about 2 years after her breasts start to develop. *Another sign is vaginal discharge fluid (sort of like mucus) that a girl might see or feel on her underwear. This discharge usually begins about 6 months to a year before a girl gets her first period. What Causes a Period? A period happens because of changes in hormonesin the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the female hormones estrogenand progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus (or womb) to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleed

Key terms of periods

Menstruation or menses is the natural bodily process of releasing blood and associated  matter from the uterus through the vagina as part of the menstrual cycle.  Menarche is the onset of menstruation, the time when a girl has her first menstrual period. Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) refers to management of hygiene associated with the menstrual process. WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for  drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene has used the following definition of MHM: ‘Women and adolescent girls are using a clean menstrual management material to absorb or collect  menstrual blood, that can be changed in privacy as often as necessary for the duration of  a menstrual period, using soap and water for washing the body as required, and having  access to safe and convenient facilities to dispose of used menstrual management  materials. They understand the basic facts linked to the menstrual cycle and how to  manage it with dignity and without discomfort or fear1. 

Problems during periods

  A girl’s period can add a new challenge to the already-difficult teenage years. There are many common problems or aggravations that can occur with periods, which typically occur monthly and last six or seven days. Some of these issues can be typical, but others may need to be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Irregular Periods Irregular periods can be worrisome and inconvenient, but it is common to have irregular bleeding in the first two years following the start of menstruation; for example, a young woman may have two periods in one month or could sometimes go four months or more without getting another period. The menstrual cycle is complex: hormones are made in the brain and must talk to the ovaries, which then talk to the uterus. As the body adjusts to all of these processes working together, periods should become more regular. It is important to see a doctor if periods are extremely irregular or occur more than three months apart. Heavy Periods Some periods are heavier th

Taking Care of Yourself During Your Period

 You may notice signs that your period is coming for a week or 2 before it starts. Most of these signs go away soon after each period begins. You may have some, all, or none of the signs listed below. All worn out You may be tired and need extra rest just before your period. You might have headaches, too. Try to get enough sleep. Take a nap if you need one. Tender, swollen breasts Your breasts may swell and hurt. To ease your discomfort, try these tips: *Hug a heating pad or soak in a warm bath. *Try cold packs. *Wear a firm bra that fits correctly when your breasts are swollen. *Talk to your parents if your breasts still hurt. Cramps You may feel pain or cramps in your lower abdomen and even in your lower back. This happens when the muscles of the uterus tighten to help shed its lining. You can soothe the pain several ways: *Take a warm bath. *Hold a hot water bottle or heating pad over the cramp zone. *Relax with gentle exercise, such as stretching. *Eat healthy foods. *Don't smo

How to take care of Menstrual Hygiene during Menstrual Cycle

  Menstrual cycle is a monthly biological process where the uterus discharges blood and tissues. This process usually starts in pre-adolescent stage and culminates with menopause in the late stages of middle age for most. For many women,  the menstrual cycle can disrupt their daily lives and cause discomfort in carrying out day to day tasks. While discomforts such as muscle cramps, soreness, general tiredness and acne are a regular part of the menstrual cycle, it can take a dangerous turn if proper menstrual hygiene is not followed. Here are a few menstrual hygiene tips that must be followed in order to stay safe from infection and ailments during periods. Frequently change menstrual hygiene products Whether one is using regular pads or tampons, changing them frequently is one of the most important aspects of menstrual hygiene. It is advised that pads must be changed after every 4-6 hours during day time when we are most active. Due to high activity levels during the day, the blood flo

What is a normal menstrual cycle?

  The menstrual cycle is a term used to describe the sequence of events that occur within your body as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy each month. A menstrual cycle is considered to begin on the first day of a period. The average cycle is 28 days long; however, a cycle can range in length from 21 days to about 35 days. The steps in the menstrual cycle are triggered by the rise and fall of chemicals in your body called hormones. Your pituitary gland (in your brain) and your ovaries (in your reproductive tract) make and release certain hormones at certain times during your menstrual cycle that cause the organs of your reproductive tract to respond in certain ways. The specific events that occur during your menstrual cycle can be described as follows: *The menses phase:  This phase, which typically lasts from day one to day five, is the time when the lining of your uterus is actually shed out through your vagina if pregnancy has not occurred. Most people bleed for three to fi


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